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Bipolar Disorder

Seeking bipolar disorder treatment is a courageous step. When you seek treatment, you can live a happier and healthier life. Neuroscience Research Institute offers individualized treatment for bipolar disorder to adult women and men.

What is Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that affects how people think, feel, and behave. It is marked by extreme shifts in mood between emotional highs (manic episodes) and lows (depressive episodes). Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition, but can be capably managed with an effective treatment plan.

Bipolar disorder is not a rare condition; it affects approximately 2.8% of adults in the United States. Despite its frequency, 7 out of 10 patients with the disorder will be misdiagnosed at least once.

Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder usually occurs in early adulthood, though children and teenagers can exhibit symptoms. While symptoms are varied, the disorder has three primary diagnostic indicators: mania, hypomania, and depression. 

Manic Episodes

When a person has manic episodes they may experience intense feelings of euphoria, impulsivity, and excitement. It is not uncommon for people in a manic cycle to go without sleep for multiple days, talk a mile-a-minute, and be hyperactive. Mania may also cause episodes of psychosis. Other symptoms include:

  • Racing thoughts
  • Distractibility
  • Exaggerated sense of self-confidence
  • Abnormally wired or jumpy

During manic episodes, individuals may engage in especially risky behavior like unprotected sex, drug use, or spending sprees.

Hypomanic Episodes

Hypomanic episodes are similar to manic episodes, but tend to be less severe. Often, someone in a hypomanic cycle will be the life of the party, taking an intense interest in people, places, and ideas. Hypomania is more manageable, allowing individuals to continue with their normal day-to-day lives.

Depressive Episodes

Depressive episodes are the down cycle of bipolar disorder. Symptoms are severe enough to cause noticeable disruptions to an individual’s daily activities, such as work, school, relationships, or social activities. Depressive episodes include five or more of the following symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Either insomnia or sleeping too much
  • Restlessness
  • Slowed behavior
  • Significant weight loss when not dieting, weight gain, or changes to appetite
  • Loss of interest in many — or all — activities that are usually pleasurable
  • Depressed mood
  • Decreased ability to think, concentrate, or make decisions
  • Suicidal ideation

Four Types of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a complex mental illness whose symptoms can be unpredictable. The severity of the illness can vary from person to person and, as such, individuals with the disorder are usually diagnosed with one of four types:

  • Bipolar I
  • Bipolar II
  • Cyclothymia
  • Other types

Bipolar I

Bipolar I is diagnosed when an individual experiences at least one manic episode that is either preceded or followed by a depressive episode. Often the symptoms are more intense and can result in periods of psychosis. This disorder is found in both men and woman.

Bipolar II

Bipolar II is diagnosed when an individual experiences at least one depressive episode lasting two or more weeks. Generally, bipolar II disorder sufferers will exhibit short-term hypomania symptoms rather than manic symptoms after a depressive episode. It is thought that this disorder affects women more often than men.

Cyclothymia

Cyclothymia is diagnosed when an individual experiences both manic and depressive symptoms. For the most part, cyclothymia symptoms tend to be less severe than bipolar I or II. People with cyclothymia can go several months without noticeable symptoms.

Other Types of Bipolar Disorder

Other types of bipolar disorder are defined by an individual experiencing symptoms as a result of drug use, co-occurring mental health issues, certain diseases, or other environmental factors.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder

Like many mental health disorders, the exact cause of the disorder remains a bit of a mystery. Genetics play a significant role in developing bipolar disorder, though environmental factors also contribute to its onset. Other risk factors include:

  • Brain structure
  • Extreme prolonged stress
  • Trauma
  • Physical illness
  • Drug or alcohol abuse

Therapies Used in Bipolar Disorder Treatment 

Everyone who develops bipolar disorder is impacted in a unique way. And every person responds differently to a treatment. Because of this, it is important to find a treatment center that can identify your needs and develop an individualized treatment plan specifically for you.  

Depending on a variety of individual factors, your treatment plan may include: 

  • Medication management services 
  • Individual, group, and family sessions 
  • Experiential therapies such as dance/movement and art 
  • Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) 
  • Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) 
  • 12-Step principles 
  • Motivational interviewing 
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) 

Bipolar Disorder Treatment in West Palm Beach

Bipolar disorder is a lifelong mental health condition that requires an effective individualized treatment plan. If you or someone you love is struggling with this condition, Neuroscience Research Institute can help. Our caring and compassionate multidisciplinary team will work with you to find the right treatment plan to help you or your loved one pursue a more hopeful future. Contact us today to find out more about our residential, partial hospitalization, and other bipolar treatment options